ACTION FRANÇAISE, French royalist and antisemitic movement formed after the dreyfus affair, mainly active between 1896 and 1939. The doctrine of its principal theorist charles maurras , termed "integral nationalism," was the radical expression of the conception of organic national unity. Prominent among its leaders were the writer Léon Daudet , and the historian Jacques Bainville. The party organ, also named L'Action française, was established as a daily in 1908. The Action Française took pride in having reactivated antisemitism in France, alleging that the Jews were one of the principal agents of national disintegration and economic and moral corruption. They were part of an evil plot hatched by a would-be "confederation of the Four Estates," which, beside the Jews, included Protestants, Freemasons, and foreigners in general. These were allegedly using the slogans of liberty and revolution to mask mercenary interests and the political fragmentation of national life by the parties. The Action Française waged scurrilous campaigns against economic enterprises. It   hence attacked métèques ("foreigners") according to Maurras' formula "not to divide, but to define." The Semite in particular was singled out as basically barbarian; to combat him was a proof of incorruptibility and concern with national interests. Even so, the Action Française rejected the idea of racist antisemitism as absurd. The importance of the Action Française lies in the respectability of some of its leaders and the influence they exercised on certain circles of French officers between the two world wars. The antisemitic legislation enacted by the Vichy government after the fall of France in World War II was directly inspired by ideas of the Action Française and its program of excluding the Jew from French society and politics. The last issue of L'Action française appeared in Lyons in August 1944. Its spirit has been kept alive by Fascist-inclined and racist publications, such as the weeklies Aspect de la France, Rivarol, and La Nation française. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S.M. Osgood, French Royalism under the Third and Fourth Republics (1960), includes bibliography; E.R. Tannenbaum, Action Française: Die-Hard Reactionaries in Twentieth-Century France (1962); E.J. Weber, Action Française: Royalism and Reaction in Twentieth-Century France (1962), with bibliography.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Action Francaise — Action française Pour les articles homonymes, voir Action française (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ACTION FRANÇAISE — Au sens le plus étroit du terme, L’Action française est le titre d’un journal quotidien qui a paru en France de 1908 à 1944 et dont le principal animateur était Charles Maurras (1868 1952). Mais l’Action française désigne aussi un mouvement qui… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Action française —   [ak sjɔ̃ frã sɛːz], französische politische Gruppe, bildete sich 1898 im Zusammenhang mit der Dreyfusaffäre unter Führung von C. Maurras und L. Daudet um die gleichnamige Zeitung in Paris. Ihre Stoßtruppe waren seit 1907 die Camelots du roi.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Action française — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Action française (homonymie). L’Action française, parfois désignée sous l acronyme AF, représente à la fois une école de pensée et un mouvement politique nationaliste, d extrême droite, qui s’est développé dans… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Action française — Acción francesa o Action française en francés, fue un movimiento político francés de tipo monárquico fundado en 1898 a raíz del llamado caso Dreyfus por Henri Vaugeois, profesor de Filosofía, y Maurice Pujo, escritor y periodista. Charles Maurras …   Wikipedia Español

  • Action Française — The Action Française is a French Monarchist (Orléanist) counter revolutionary movement and periodical founded by Maurice Pujo and Henri Vaugeois and whose principal ideologist was Charles Maurras. Although it supported the Orleanist branch,… …   Wikipedia

  • Action Francaise — Die Action française ist eine extremistische politische Gruppierung in Frankreich, die 1898 unter dem Eindruck der Dreyfus Affäre entstanden ist. Charles Maurras Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte 1.1 Krise und Niederg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.